Biology 2201

Course Description

This course begins the study of introductory biology.  Topics include the cell and cellular transport, diversity of life, homeostasis of human biology systems and population biology.

 

 

Authorized Learning Resource

McGraw-Hill Ryerson Biology                                            



 Homework Central


Wed May 20: Please review our continued notes and discussion of excretory disorders: (3) kidney failure.  Note the treatment options: (a) hemodialysis, (b) continuous peritoneal dialysis and (c) kidney transplant.


                   NEW DATE Excretory Test Wed May 27


Tues May 19: Please review our continued notes and discussion of nephron function: (3) tubular secretion.  Be able to label the nephron diagram.  Also review the following excretory disorders: (1) kidney stones, (2) kidney / bladder infections...to be continued.

                              Excretory Test Fri May 22


Wed May 13: The graded Digestion Test was returned.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the functional unit of the kidney (the nephron).  Note the THREE stages of nephron function: (1) filtration, (2) re-absorption and (3) tubular secretion.  Be able to label a diagram of the nephron.


       STSE "Kidney and Urological Disease" - Due Tues May 19


Tues May 12: Students wrote the Digestive System Test.


Fri May 8: We introduced the Excretory System.  Please review our notes and discussion of the organs of excretion: lungs, skin, liver and kidneys.  Note the excretory pathway: (a) kidneys, (b) ureters, (c) urinary bladder and (d) urethra.  Be able to label a diagram.  Note the three layers of the kidney and their function.


                             Digestion Test - Tues May 12


Thurs May 7: Please review our notes and discussion of Digestive Disorders: (a) ulcers, (b) gallstones, (c) ileitis & colitis and (d) eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia nervosa).  Note conditions and treatments.


                            Digestion Test - Tues May 12


Wed May 6: We visited the Malaise Trap to collect data and viewed a video explaining how our data will be used in this biodiversity study.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of the 6 Major Nutrients: (d) water (hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis reactions), (e) vitamins and minerals.  Unit question set was collected for grading.


                             Digestion Test Tue May 12


Mon May 4: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Absorption of the end products of digestion: (a) glucose & amino acids, (b) fatty acids & glycerol.  Also review the 6 Major Nutrients and test for these nutrients: (a) carbohydrates - starch...iodine, glucose...Benedict's Solution, (b) fat...Sudan IV, (c) proteins...Biuret Reagent.


          Digestion Question Assignment Due Wed May 6


Wed Apr 29: We visited the Malaise Trap to gather data.  Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring chemical digestion: (1) starch - polysaccharides into simple sugars (glucose). (2) fats into fatty acids and glycerol and (3) proteins - polypeptides into amino acids.  Know the enzymes!


       Digestion Question Assignment - continue your work


Tues Apr 28: Please review our notes and discussion examining how food passage through the digestive system is controlled: (a) peristalsis and (b) sphincters.  Also review the chemical digestion of the major nutrients: (1) starch - polysaccharides into simple sugars (glucose)...to be continued.

          

            Digestion Question Assignment - continue your work


Mon Apr 27: The Circulatory System test was returned.  We set the Malaise Trap for Week 2 collection.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of the digestive pathway: (c) small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ilium), (d) large intestine and (e) related organs (pancreas and liver).  Note the important function of small intestine in absorption.


Thurs Apr 23: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Digestion.  Note the food groups and the end products of their digestion.  Note the 2 types of digestion: (a) mechanical and (b) chemical.  Follow the physical digestive pathway: (a) mouth, (b) esophagus, (c) stomach...to be continued.


                            Digestion Question Assignment


Wed Apr 22: Students wrote the Circulatory System test.


Mon Apr 20: This class was held outdoors so that we could set the Malaise Trap for our class research project.

                          Circulatory Test - Wed Apr 22


Fri Apr 17: Please review our continued notes and discussion of disorders of the circulatory system and ways to reduce the risk: (b) arteriosclerosis and (c) atherosclerosis.  Also note examples of technology used to treat these disorders: (a) Angioplasty and (b) Clot Busting Drugs (thrombolytic therapy).


     Please Dress Appropriately For An Outdoor Class on Monday

                          Circulatory Test - Wed Apr 22


Thurs Apr 16: Please review our notes and discussion of the Blood Clotting process.  Also review the disorders of the circulatory system and ways to reduce the risk: (a) hypertension...to be continued.

   Please Dress Appropriately For An Outdoor Class on Monday

                            Circulatory Question Due Friday

                            Circulatory Test - Wed Apr 22


Tues Apr 14: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the components of blood: (b) white blood cells (leucocytes), (c) platelets (thrombocytes) and (d) plasma.


  Read our class project brochure: "School Malaise Trap Program"                   Circulatory Questions Due Thurs Apr 16


Mon Apr 13: Please review the Core Lab "The Effect of Stress on Blood Pressure". Also review the components of blood: (a) red blood cells - erythrocytes...to be continued.

                    Circulatory Questions Due Thurs Apr 16


Wed Apr 1: Students labeled an anatomically correct heart diagram.  Please review our notes and discussion of blood pressure including a definition, measurement...to be continued.


     Continue Work of Your Question Assignment for the Unit


Tues Mar 31: Students were given the opportunity to work on the question assignment from the circulatory system in class.


Mon Mar 30: The Respiratory Test was returned.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the anatomy of the heart.  Note the pathway for blood and the various valves.  Also note the circulation loops: systemic, pulmonary, cardiac, renal, hepatic.


        Continue Work of Your Question Assignment for the Unit


Thurs Mar 26: Students wrote the Respiratory System test.


Wed Mar 25: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the three types of blood vessels: (2) Veins and (3) Capillaries.  Note the exchange of nutrients and waste at the artery and vein ends of the capillaries. 


Mon Mar 23: Students questions related to the STSE were addressed.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring behavioral and physiological mechanisms to maintain homeostasis of body temperature in environments that are too cold or hot.  Also review the functions of a circulatory system and the three types of blood vessels: (1) Arteries...to be continued.


                    STSE "What is Cancer" Due Tues Mar 24

                     STSE "What is Cancer" Due Tues Mar 24Respiratory System Test - Thurs Mar 26


Fri Mar 20: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring disorders of the Respiratory System: (c) pneumonia.  We then introduced the Circulatory System.  Please review our the definition of homeostasis and how it is maintained through a negative feedback loop.  Note 2 types of organisms in terms of temperature regulation: (a) homeotherms and (b) poikilotherms.  Question Assignment on the Respiratory System was assigned.


     

                    STSE "What is Cancer" Due Tues Mar 24

                   Respiratory System Test - Thurs Mar 26


Thurs Mar 19: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring disorders of the Respiratory System: (b) asthma...to be continued.

         Respiratory System Question Assignment Due Fri Mar 20

                           STSE "What is Cancer" Due Mon Mar 23

                   Respiratory System Test - Thurs Mar 26


Tues Mar 17: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring disorders of the Respiratory System: (b) asthma and (c) pneumonia. Storm :(


  Homework - Respiratory System Question Assignment Due Wed

                           STSE "What is Cancer"

                   Respiratory System Test - Mon Mar 23

Fri Mar 13: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Disorders of the Respiratory System: (a) lung cancer...to be continued.

Homework - Respiratory System Question Assignment Due Wed

                   Respiratory System Test - Mon Mar 23


Wed Mar 11: Please review our notes and discussion of the core lab "Measuring Respiratory Volumes".  Note the terms (a) tidal volume TV, (b) inspiratory reserve volume IRV, (c) expiratory reserve volume ERV, (d) vital capacity VC and (e) residual volume RV.  Note how this data can be gathered with the spirometer and how to recognize and calculate these values on a graph.


Homework - Respiratory System Question Assignment Due Tues

                   Respiratory System Test - Mon Mar 23


Tues Mar 10: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the exchange of gas at the alveoli.  Also note two stages in the mechanics of breathing: (1) Inhalation and (2) Exhalation along with appropriate diagrams.

      

Homework - Respiratory System Question Assignment Due Tues



Mon Mar 9: The graded Vertebrate Test was returned.  Please review our introduction to the Unit 3 starting with the Respiratory System.  Note the purpose of a respiratory system (gas exchange) and three requirements of a respiratory system: (a) moist, (b) large surface area and (c) high concentration gradient / short diffusion path.  Also note the respiratory pathway: (a) nasal cavity, (b) trachea, (c) bronchi, (d) bronchioles and (e) alveoli.  Be able to label a diagram.


            Homework - Respiratory System Question Assignment


Thurs Mar 5: Students wrote the Vertebrate Test.


Mon Mar 2: Please review our notes and discussion of Class Mammalia (the mammals).

                           Update the Summary Table

                        Vertebrate Test - Wed Mar 4


Fri Feb 27: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Class Aves (birds).  Note the adaptations for flight.

                                     Update the Summary Table

                                   Vertebrate Test - Wed Mar 4


Thurs Feb 26: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring Class Amphibia.  Also review Class Reptilia (crocodiles, alligators, turtles, tortoises).  In both cases note the adaptations for life on land.


                          Update the Summary Table

                          Vertebrate Test Wed Mar 4


Mon Feb 23: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Class Osteichythes (bony fish).  We also introduced Class Amphibia (frogs, toads, newts & salamanders)


                                 Update the Summary Table


Wednesday Feb 18: Students wrote the Invertebrate Test.


Tuesday Feb 17: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Class Chondrichythes (sharks, skates and rays).


                               Update the Summary Table

                             Invertebrate Test - Wed Feb 18


Wed Feb 11: UPDATE: Invertebrate Test has been rescheduled for WEDNESDAY.


Mon Feb 9: Please review our notes and discussion exploring vertebrates and 3 features that all chordates have in common: (a) notochord, (b) dorsal hollow nerve cord and (c) gill slits.  We explored the first group of chordates: (1) Subphylum Agnatha Class Agnatha (lamprey & hagfish).


                         Update the Summary Table

               Unit Test - Invertebrates - Wed Feb 11


Fri Feb 6: Please review our notes and discussion of Phylum Echinodermata (starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, sea cucumbers).  Note why this phylum is most similar to vertebrate organisms.


                                Complete the Summary Table

                          Unit Test - Invertebrates - Wed Feb 11


Thurs Feb 5: Please review our continued notes and discussion of Phylum Arthropoda.  Note the reasons for the success of arthropods which are the most abundant invertebrate phylum.  Also note the reasons for the success of the largest group of arthropods; Class Insecta.

                         Update the Summary Table

                Unit Test - Invertebrates - Wed Feb 11



Tues Feb 3: The midterm exam was returned and reviewed. 


                        Unit Test - Invertebrates Wed Feb 11


Thurs Jan 22: We continued with review of select topics from Units 1 and 2.


Tues Jan 20: We continued with review of select topics from Units 1 and 2.


Mon Jan 19: We discussed the format for the midterm exam and reviewed select topics from Unit 1: The Cell.


Fri Jan 16: Please review our notes and discussion of Phylum Mollusca (clam/mussels, squid/octopus & snails/slugs).

                             Update the Summary Table


Wed Jan 14: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Phylum Nematoda (roundworms - pinworms, hookworms, codworms).

                                Update the Summary Table


Fri Jan 9: Students were provided with Unit 2 review sheets.  Students worked on these review questions during this period.


Wed Jan 7: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms - planaria, tapeworms, flukes).

                                Update the Summary Table


Mon Jan 5: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Phylum Cnideria (sea anemone, jellyfish, hydra and corals).


                                  Update the Summary Table


Wed Dec 17: Please review our notes and discussion of the first phyla of invertebrates: Phylum Porifera (sponges).  Note the headings: examples, symmetry / cephalization, tissue layers / body cavity, digestion and reproduction. 

                             Update the Summary Table


Tues Dec 16: Students wrote the Kingdom Plantae Learning Check.  Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring tissue layers within animals (cellular organization, diploblastic, triploblastic) and the presence or absence of a body cavity: (a) acoelomate, (b) pseudocoelomate and (c) coelomate.  Note the advantages of having a coelom.


Mon Dec 15: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Kingdom Animalia.  We focused on symmetry: (1) asymmetry, (2) radial symmetry and (3) bilateral symmetry.  Note the level of cephalization and the living strategy.  Also review the concept of tissue (germ) layers.

            Kingdom Plantae Learning Check - Tues Dec 16


Thurs Dec 11: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the reasons for the success of angiosperms: (1) wind/insects assist in pollination, (2) structures to attract pollinators, (3) protection of the seed, (4) fruit assist with dispersal and (5) specialized structures that help increase survival.


            Kingdom Plantae Learning Check - Tues Dec 16


Wed Dec 10: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the Angiosperms (flowering plants).  Also note the summary points identifying trends (advancements) in Kingdom Plantae ex: gametophyte dominant to sporophyte dominant).


                                Update the Summary Sheet

            Kingdom Plantae Learning Check - Tues Dec 16


Mon Dec 8: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the Gymnosperms - plants with seeds naked in cones.  We used the same heading to review their biology.


                         Update the Summary Sheet

            Kingdom Plantae Learning Check - Tues Dec 16


Fri Dec 5: Please review our continued notes and discussion of Division Bryophyta: dominant generation and reproduction.  Also review the introduction to Ferns & Their Relatives (seedless vascular plants). We used the same heading to review their biology.


Thus Dec 4: Students wrote the Kingdom Learning Check.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the general lifecycle of Kingdom Plantae.  Review the simplest group of Plants, Division Bryophyta, which includes mosses, hornworts and liverworts.  Note vascular or non-vascular, dependency of water for sexual reproduction...to be continued.


Tues Dec 2: Please review our notes and discussion of the Viruses.  Be familiar with the lifecycle of the T4 virus; a virus that infects bacteria.  We also introduced a survey of Kingdom Plantae by exploring the alternation of generations in plants: gametophyte dominant or sporophyte dominant.


              Learning Check (Kingdoms) - Thurs Dec 4


Mon Dec 1: Please review our continued discussion of Kingdom Fungi.  Be familiar with the lifecycle of the fern.  Also review the characteristics of Kingdom Animalia and the lifecycle of a frog.  We also started a discussion of Viruses which do not fit into the 6 Kingdom system. 

              

               Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet

            Learning Check (Kingdoms) - Thurs Dec 4


Wed Nov 26: Please review our continued notes and discussion of Kingdom Fungi.  Note the lifecycle of black bread mold Rhizopus.  Also note our introduction to Kingdom Plantae.


                  Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet

            Learning Check (Kingdoms) - Thurs Dec 4


Tues Nov 25: Please review our notes and discussion of  Kingdom Fungi....to be continued.


              Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet


Fri Nov 21: Students wrote the Classification Learning Check.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of Kingdom Protista.  Note the life cycle of Plasmodium (the protist that causes malaria).


                Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet


Thurs Nov 20: Please review our notes and discussion exploring Kingdom Archaea (extreme bacteria).  Also note our introduction to Kingdom Protista.

                 Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet

                          Learning Check Fri  Nov 21


Tues Nov 18: Please review our continued notes and discussion of Kingdom Bacteria: nervous system (present / absent), reproduction and locomotion.  We also started the study of Kingdom Archaea in the same manner.


                   Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet

    STSE Classification by Application of Modern Technology

                           Due Date Wed Nov 19

                      Learning Check Fri  Nov 21


Mon Nov 17: Student questions related to the STSE were addressed.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring KINGDOM BACTERIA.  Note: examples, cell type, cell wall, body form, nutrition...to be continued.


              Update the Kingdom Summary Sheet

STSE Classification by Application of Modern Technology

                           Due Date Wed Nov 19

                      Learning Check Fri  Nov 21

Fri Nov 14: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring Evidence Used to Classify Organisms: (4) evidence from biochemical information - molecules (proteins, DNA), (5) evidence from behaviour and (6) evidence from cell structure.


STSE Classification by Application of Modern Technology

                           Due Date Wed Nov 19

                      Learning Check Fri  Nov 21


Wed Nov 12: Student's dichotomous key for beetles was examined.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the Evidence Used to Classify Organisms: (1) fossil record, (2) evidence from anatomy (homologous structures), (3) evidence from comparative embryology...to be continued.


Fri Nov 5: Please review our notes and discussion of taxonomic (dichotomous) keys. Students studied how to use these keys to identify an unknown organism.  We created a sample tree and dichotomous key for types of fruit. 

Homework Develop a tree and dichotomous key for beetle species p. 111  Beetles 1 2 7 8 13 14 ONLY


Wed Nov 5: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the advantages of binomial naming as opposed to the use of common names. Students completed and we discussed pp.127-128 #11,15.  Note the Limitations to Classification Systems: (1) subjectivity, (2) characteristics of more than one group and (3) viruses.


Tues Nov 4: Please review our notes and discussion exploring a definition of taxonomy.  Also note the 7 taxa within the Linnaean classification system as well as the newer Domain taxon.  Students completed and we discussed p. 121 #5-7 and p.127 #4.  Also note the format for writing Binomial Names.


Mon Nov 3: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the History of the Classification: (1) Aristotle (kingdoms Plantae & Animalia), (2) Haeckel (Kingdom Protista), (4) Copeland (Kingdom Bacteria), (5) Whittaker (Kingdom Fungi) and (6) Woese (Kingdom Archaea + Domains of Life).


Thurs Oct 30: Unit 1 Tests were returned and discussed.  Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the Characteristics of Life: (3) growth & development, (4) metabolism, (5) water requirements and (6) interact with the environment & maintain homeostasis.


Mon Oct 24: Students wrote the Unit 1: Matter for Energy and Life Test.


Fri Oct 24: Students review questions for the unit were addressed.  We also introduced Unit 2 - Biodiversity.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the Characteristics of Living Things: (1) made of 1 or more, (2) biogenesis...to be continued.

                         Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27

  Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27  Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27

Thurs Oct 23: Please review our continued notes and discussion of Energy Reactions in Cells: (a) anabolism - photosynthesis (thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast) and (b) catabolism - aerobic respiration (cristae of the mitochondria.  Be familiar with the ATP-ADP Cycle.  We also reviewed answers to the Osmosis (Potato) Lab.


                         Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27

Tues Oct 21: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring Limits to Cell Size: (3) surface area to volume ratio and (4) collisions of reactants.  We also introduced Energy Reactions in Cells: metabolism.


                        Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27


Mon Oct 20: Please review our continued notes and discussion of (2) Active Transport (a) endocytosis - 2 types pinocytosis and phagocytosis.  Also review (b) exocytosis.  Note the flow diagram summarizing transport methods and molecules involved.  We then introduced Limits to Cell Size: (1) limits to diffusion, (2) control by the nucleus...to be continued.

                       Lab Report due Tues Oct 21

                          Unit 1 Test Mon Oct 27


Thurs Oct 16: Data for "The Great Potato Experiment" was reviewed.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of (1) Passive Transport (c) facilitated diffusion - carrier proteins and channel proteins.  Also review (2) Active Transport (a) endocytosis...to be continued.

                   Lab Report due Tues Oct 21


Wed Oct 15: Students gathered data for "The Great Potato Experiment".  For the remainder of class students worked on questions 1-14 from the unit review sheet.


Tues Oct 14: The Learning Check was returned.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of Cell Transport: (1) (b) Osmosis.  Be familiar with the terms hypotonic, hypertonic and isotonic and predict the direction of movement of water over the cell membrane.  Know the terms (conditions) in plant and animal cells. 

                      

Thurs Oct 9: Students wrote the Learning Check.  Students then completed their cell raps.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of transport: (1) Passive - (a) diffusion.  Note the term dynamic equilibrium. (b) Osmosis.


Wed Oct 8: Students performed their Cell Rap and built the cell.  Please review our notes and discussion introducing transport.  Note the types of transport: (1) Passive - (a) diffusion...to be continued.


                         Learning Check Thurs Oct 9


Mon Oct 6: Students complied and presented their Cell Raps.


                          Learning Check Thurs Oct 9


Thurs Oct 2: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the additional organelles of the eukaryotic plant cell: (a) cell wall, (b) central vacuole and (c) plastids (chloroplasts).   For the remainder we assigned organelles for teh Cell Rap Assignment.

                            Learning Check Thurs Oct 9


Tues Sept 30: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring organelles of the eukaryotic cell: (m) cell membrane.  Note the membrane's phospholipid bilayer structure, its semi-permeable nature and the Fluid Mosaic Model for the membrane.


Mon Sept 29: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the organelles of the eukaryotic cell: (g) lysosomes, (h) vesicle, (i) vacuole, (j) cytoplasm, (k) cytoskeleton, (l) cilia / flagella...to be continued.


Thurs Sept 25: Please review our continued notes and discussion of the organelles of the eukaryotic animal cell: (d) ER, (e) Golgi apparatus, (f) mitochondria...to be continued.


Wed Sept 24: Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring differences between prokarytotic and eukaryotic cells: (c) structure and size, (d) organelles and (e) DNA.  Also review our introduction to the organelles of the eukaryotic cell: (a) nucleus, (b) nucleolus, (c) ribosomes...to be continued.

            Check out the following animation for the cell:

        http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model.htm


Tues Sept 23: Questions related to the microscope lab were addressed.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of the types of microscopes: (c) dissecting / stereomicroscope and (d) scanning electron microscope (SEM).  The microscope worksheet was discussed and corrected.  Also review the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells: (a) Kingdoms involved, (b) presence of nucleus...to be continued.


Fri Sept 18: Students completed a worksheet comparing the various microscope types and uses.  The remainder of the period was provided for students to work on their microscope lab report.


                Microscope Lab Report Due Tues Sept 23

                Including Biological Drawing and Q1-10a


Thurs Sept 17: Please review our notes and discussion exploring the types of microscopes: (a) compound light microscope, (b) transmission electron microscope (TEM), (c) scanning electron microscope (SEM) and (d) dissecting (stereomicroscope).  Most of this information is contained on a handout table.

              Microscope Lab Report Due Tues Sept 23

                Including Biological Drawing and Q1-10a


Tues Sept 16: Please review our notes and discussion exploring how to construct a scale biological drawing.  Students then completed this drawing for the onion cell.


                Microscope Learning Check Thurs Sept 18             

                    Microscope Lab Report Due Fri Sept 19

                Including Biological Drawing and Q1-10a


Mon Sept 15:  Students prepared a wet mount of an onion cell and calculated its biological size.

          Microscope Learning Check - Thurs Sept 18


Fri Sept 12:
Students completed the Learning Check.  Please review the formula for calculating biological size.  We completed a sample calculation and then students used a prepared slide on an amoeba to practice focusing and calculating biological size.  More work with this next day!


Wed Sept 10:
Please review our notes and discussion exploring terms related to the compound light microscope: (a) total magnification & calculations, (b) field of view, (c) depth of field (thread illustration), (d) working distance, (e) resolving power, (f) image inversion, (g) specimen, (h) wet mount (note procedure) and (i) permanent slide.


                Homework - Scientist Learning Check Fri Sept 12


Tues Sept 9:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of scientists who contributed to the Cell Theory: (b) Leewenhoek, (c) Brown, (d) Schleiden, (e) Schwann, (f) Braun and (f) Virchow.  Note the 4 points composing the Cell Theory.  We then started Lab 1: Caring for and Using the Microscope.  Note parts of the microscope and their functions.  Be able to label a diagram of the microscope.

              Homework - Scientist Learning Fri Sept 12



Fri Sept 5:
Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the spontaneous generation / biogenesis debate: (2) Needham, (3) Spallanzani and (4) Pasteur.  Also note the contributions of scientists toward the Cell Theory: (1) Hooke...to be continued.

Thurs Sept 4:
Students were given copies of course outlines and textbooks were distributed.  We started our discussion of Unit 1: "Matter and Energy for Life".  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the spontaneous generation / biogenesis debate.  Be familiar with experiments of scientists that supported each of these theories on the origin of living cells: (1) Redi...to be continued.





 
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