Biology 2201

Course Description

This course begins the study of introductory biology.  Topics include the cell and cellular transport, diversity of life, homeostasis of human biology systems and population biology.

 

 

Authorized Learning Resource

McGraw-Hill Ryerson Biology                                            



 Homework Central



Fri Dec 2: Students wrote the Kingdoms + Viruses Learning Check.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of Division Bryophyta (seedless non-vascular plants).

Wed Nov 30:
Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the lifecycle of the T4 virus (bacteriophage).  We then started a detailed study of the different types of Plants.  Note the general lifecycle of plants known as the alternation of generations: (a) sporophyte and (b) gametophyte.  We introduced Division Bryophyta (mosses, hornworts and liverworts).  Review the following heading on the Kingdom Plantae Summary Table: (a) examples, (b) vascular / non-vascular, (c) dependency on water for sexual reproduction, (d) dominant generation and (e) reproduction.

               Learning Check - Kingdoms + Viruses - Fri Dec 2

Tues Nov 29:
Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the fern lifecycle.  Also review Kingdom Animalia and the lifecycle of the frog.  Finally review the Viruses.  Note why they do not fit into the 6 kingdoms of life.  Be aware of the lifecycle of the T4 virus (bacteriophage).

              Learning Check - Kingdoms + Viruses - Fri Dec 2

Mon Nov 28:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of Kingdom Plantae.  Note the lifecycle for the fern. 

           Learning Check - Kingdoms + Viruses - Fri Dec 2


Thurs Nov 24:
The graded Learning Check was returned.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of Kingdom Fungi.  Note the lifecycle of black bread mould; Rhizopus.  Also note our introduction to Kingdoms Plantae...to be continued.

            Keep Your Kingdom Summary Table Updated
             Learning Check Kingdoms + Viruses Fri Dec 2


Wed Nov 23:
Students wrote the Classification Learning Check.  Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring Kingdom Fungi.

Mon Nov 21:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of Kingdom Protista.  Note the lifecycle of Plasmodium; the protist that causes malaria.  Also review Kingdom Fungi.

                              Update the Summary Table
                Classification Learning Check - Wed Nov 23


Fri Nov 18:
Please review our notes and discussion exploring Kingdom Archaea.  We also started the examination of Kingdom Protista.

                Classification Learning Check - Wed Nov 23


Thurs Nov 17:
Please review our notes and discussion exploring a Survey of the Kingdoms of Life.  Today we focused on Kingdom Bacteria exploring the following headings: organism, cell type, cell wall, body form, nutrition, nervous system, reproduction and locomotion.  Update the Summary Table!

               Classification Learning Check - Wed Nov 23


Tues Nov 15:
Students questions related to the STSE were discussed.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring Limitations To Classification Systems: (1) subjectivity, (2) organisms sharing characteristics of more than one group, (3) organisms that do not fit in the current classification system (viruses).

    STSE - Classification By Application of Modern Technologies
                            Due Date - Wed Nov 16

                   Classification Learning Check Wed Nov 23

Mon Nov 14:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of Evidence Used To Classify Organisms: (4) evidence from biochemistry (molecules - (a) amino acid sequence in proteins, (b) nucleotide sequence in DNA), (5) evidence from behavior and (6) evidence from cell structure.

   STSE - Classification By Application of Modern Technologies
                              Due Date - Wed Nov 16


Wed Nov 9:
Please review our notes and discussion exploring Evidence To Classify Organisms: (1) evidence from fossil record (radioactive dating), (2) evidence from anatomy (homologous structures), (3) evidence from comparative embryology...to be continued.

Tues Nov 8:
Please review our notes and discussion exploring how to build a dichotomous key from a dichotomous tree.  We created a key to some common fruit.  Students then worked on generating their own key to beetle species.

                  Homework - Dichotomous Key To Beetles p. 111
                            Beetles 3,4,9,10, 15, 16 & 11

Mon Nov 7:
The graded unit test was returned.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of Binomial Naming.  Note the advantages of binomial naming over common names.  Also review the concept of Taxonomic Keys.  Know how to use a dichotomous key...to be continued.

        

Thurs Nov 3:
Students wrote the Unit 1 Test.

Wed Nov 2:
Students review questions were addressed.  Students worked on and then we discussed answers to the following questions: 121 #5-7 and p. 127 #4.  Please review our notes and discussion of Binomial Naming.  Note the format....to be continued.

                         Unit 1 Test - Thurs Nov 3

Mon Oct 31:
Please review our notes and discussion of the Linnaean Classification System.  Note the definition of taxonomy, the 7 taxa with the Linnaean system as well as the addition of the domain.


Fri Oct 28:
Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the Characteristics Of Living Things: (3) growth & development, (4) metabolism, (5) water requirements and (6) interact with environmental stimuli and maintain homeostasis.  Also review the History of Classification System Development: (1) Aristotle: Kingdom Planate & Kingdom Animalia, (2) Haeckel: Kingdom Protista, (3) Copeland: Kingdom Bacteria, (4) Whittaker: Kingdom Fungi, (5) Woese: Kingdom Archaea...to be continued.

                       Unit 1 Test - Thurs Nov 3


Thurs Oct 27:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of Energy Use (Metabolism) In Cells: (2) catabolism on the cristae of the mitochondria...cell respiration equation.  Finally review the ATP-ADP Cycle.  We will tackle some review in an upcoming class.  We also started Unit 2: Biodiversity.  Please review the Characteristics Of Living Things: (1) made of 1 or more cells, (2) biogenesis with inheritance...to be continued.

                          Unit 1 Test - Thurs Nov 3


Tues Oct 25:
Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring Limits To Cell Size: (3) surface area to volume ratio and (4) collisions of reactants.  Finally review our discussion of Energy Use (Metabolism) In Cells.  Note the two types of metabolism: (1) anabolism on the thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast...photosynthesis equation...to be continued.

                        Unit 1 Test - Thurs Nov 3


Thurs Oct 20:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of (2) Active Transport.  Note two different forms of (a) endocytosis...(i) pinocytosis and (ii) phagocytosis as well as (b) exocytosis.  Examine the summary flow diagram for transport.  We also discussed an introduction exploring The Limits To Cell Size (why are most cells small?): (1) limits to diffusion, (2) control by the nuclues...to be continued.

                         Unit 1 Test - Thurs Nov 3

Wed Oct 19:
Final data was collected for the osmosis lab.  Please review our notes and discussion of (1) Passive Transport (c) facilitated diffusion.  Also review (2) Active Transport (a) endocytosis...to be continued.

                       Osmosis Lab Due Thurs Oct 20

Tues Oct 18:
Students wrote the Learning Check.  We then went to the lab to complete Core Lab #2 - An Investigation of Osmosis (The Great Potato Experiment).

Fri Oct 14:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of (1) Passive Transport (b) osmosis.  Be able to work through application (problems) related to osmosis.  Know the situations created by movement of water into or out of cells: lysed or crenated (for animal cells) and turgid or plasmolysed (for plant cells).

                Learning Check "The Cell" Tues Oct 18

Thurs Oct 13:
Please review our notes and discussion of Transport in Cells: (1) Passive Transport (a) diffusion (of solute from high concentration to low concentration), (b) osmosis (of solvent from hypotonic to hypertonic)...to be continued.

               Learning Check "The Cell" Tues Oct 18


Tues Oct 11:
We continued our discussion of the unique organelles of a plants cell: (2) central vacuole and (3) plastids.  Note the structure of the chloroplast especially the folded thylakid membrane.  To complete the period students performed their cell raps!

                Learning Check "The Cell" Tues Oct 18


Tues Oct 4:
Students used this class to build their cell organelles and to complete their Cell Rap.  We also introduced the Eukaryotic Plant Cell and its unique organelles...to be continued.

 Cell Rap Presentations Due on Tues Oct 11......YEAHH BOYZZZ
                 Learning Check "The Cell" Tues Oct 18

Mon Oct 3:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of the Cell Membrane.  Note its phospholipid bilayer structure and the Fluid Mosaic Model that describes it. 

                  Think About The Cell Rap Assignment


Thurs Sept 29:
Please review our continued notes and discussion exploring the Organelles of a Eukaryotic Animals Cell: (8) transport vesicles, (9) vacuole, (10) cytoplasm, (11) cytoskeleton, (12) cilia & flagella and (13) cell membrane.  Note that the membrane is semi-permeable. Be able to label the structures within the membrane.

                  Choose An Organelle For Your Cell Rap


Wed Sept 28:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of the Organelles of a Eukaryotic Animal Cell: (6) mitochondria, (7) lysosomes...to be continued.
              
               Choose An Organelle For Your Cell Rap


Tues Sept 27:
Please review our notes and discussion exploring the Organelles of a Eukaryotic Animal Cell: (1) nucleus, (2) nucleolus, (3) ribosomes, (4) endoplasmic reticulum (rough & smooth), (5) Golgi apparatus...to be continued.  Be able to make a comparison between the jobs in a functioning cell and the jobs in a functioning town.  Label the diagram of organelles.  The following animation is good for your review....

         http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model_js.htm

Fri Sept 23:
We discussed and corrected the microscope worksheet.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the Differences Between Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells: (a) organisms included, (b) nucleus present or absent, (c) structure & size, (d) organelles present or absent and (e) DNA.  Refer to handout diagram.

Thurs Sept 22:
Students wrote the Microscope Learning Check.  Please review our continued notes and discussion of the various Microscope Types: (c) dissecting microscope and (d) scanning electron microscope SEM.  Students completed a worksheet comparing and contrasting these microscopes and viewed some videos of electron microscope function.

Tues Sept 19:
We completed instructions regarding Scale Biological Drawings.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring the various Types of Microscopes: (a) compound light microscope, (b) transmission electron microscope TEM...to be continued.

Learning Check (Parts of Microscope & Functions - Thurs Sept 22
                       Microscope Lab Due - Thurs Sept 22



Mon Sept 19:
The graded Learning Check was returned.  Students made wet mounts of onion cells in the lab and estimated their biological size.  Please review our notes and discussion exploring how to sketch To Scale Biological Drawings.

Learning Check (Parts of Microscope & Functions - Thurs Sept 22
                       Microscope Lab Due - Thurs Sept 22


Fri Sept 16:
Students wrote the Learning Check.  Please review our calculations involving Estimates of Biological Size.


Wed Sept 14:
Please review our continued notes and discussion of the following microscope terms: (d) working distance, (e) resolving power, (f) image inversion, (g) specimen and (h) wet mount vs permanent slide.  We reviewed the wet mount procedure.  Finally we practiced focusing of the microscope on a permanent slide (an amoeba).

                   Learning Check - Scientists - Fri Sept 16



Tues Sept 13:
Please review our notes and discussion of the Compound Light Microscope.  We reviewed its parts and functions and labelled a diagram.  Also review the following terms: (a) total magnification (note calculations), (b) field of view, (c) depth of field...to be continued.

                    Learning Check - Scientists - Fri Sept 16



Fri Sept 9:
We completed discussion of the spontaneous generation / biogenesis debate by exploring the work of (e) Pasteur.  Please review our notes and discussion of scientists that contributed to the formation of a Cell Theory: (a) Hooke, (b) Leeuwenhoek, (c) Brown, (d) Schleiden, (e) Schwann, (f) Braun and (g) Virchow.  Know the 4 points that compose the Cell Theory.

                     Learning Check - Scientists - Next Week



Thurs Sept 8:
Students were provided with the course evaluation scheme.  We introduced Unit 1 "Matter and Energy For Life - The Cell".  Please review our notes and discussion exploring two competing theories exploring the origin of life: spontaneous generation (abiogenesis) and biogenesis.  Review the work of the following scientists and what theory their experiment supported: (a) Aristotle, (b) Redi, (c) Needham, (d) Spallanzani ...to be continued.

Wed Sept 7:
Welcome to the course.  I am looking forward to working with you throughout the year.  Today class lists were reviewed and textbooks were distributed.  Use this website to track homework and topics covered in class. 


                       

 
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